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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06  November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

1) With farm distress making headlines, discuss the potential that Indian poultry industry bears to absorb the distress and  emerges out as a modern , scientific industry driven by technology.(250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

The question is in the context of the 84th birth anniversary of father of Indian poultry industry Dr B V Rao.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the potential that Indian poultry industry bears to absorb the distress and emerges out as a modern, scientific industry driven by technology to double the farm income and contribute significantly to the economy.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Provide for statistics related to poultry industry.

Body:

First explain briefly the historical background – The Indian Poultry industry suffered an unusual series of crises in early 1980s, as the selling price had become lower than the production cost. Many of the poultry farmers shut down their farm operations as a result of heavy losses. A group of farmers motivated by Dr. B. V. Rao and Ch. Jagapati Rao travelled across the country, organising over 300 meetings with groups, individuals, and traders. Their objective was to unite poultry farmers from all over India and take control of their own destiny. In May 1982, NECC was formally registered as a trust under the Indian Societies Registration Act and on May 14, 1982, NECC started declaring egg prices.

Discuss the significance of technology and scientific approach of developing poultry sector in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the same.


Topic: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world.

2) Describe and account for the shifts in the textile industries of the world with special focus on effect of the evolving digital technologies.(250 words)

Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is based on the themes of static portions.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must provide for an analysis of the shifts in the textile industries of the world with special focus on effect of the evolving digital technologies.

Directive:

Describe – Provide a detailed explanation as to how and why something happens.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly explain the facts related to textile industry – its location, transport, capital and labor factor.

Body:

Explain how textile industries have been set up historically and what were the controlling factors; proximity to raw materials – water source, leather availability, cotton etc. and the labor factor, transport factor etc.

Then move on to discuss the role played by the coming of technologies and in what way they have changed the mindset of the entire sector. Illustrate using suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude on a positive note stating the role and positive contributions of the technology.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) AYUSH, represent a pluralistic and integrative scheme of health services. Explain how AYUSH can play an important role in realizing the dream of ‘New India’ by providing quality healthcare and medical care for its citizens.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Indian systems of medicine have been perennially neglected especially Ayurveda as an alternative medicine sector. However, that seems to be changing with the present government providing much-needed attention and resources towards this sector.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the Growing impetus to Indian systems of medicine, which comprises Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH).

And how AYUSH can play an important role in realizing the dream of ‘New India’ by providing quality healthcare and medical care for its citizens.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the significance of AYUSH.

Body:

Discuss the potential of AYUSH.

With statistics repeatedly indicating that there is a severe shortage of doctors in India with a mere 80 doctors per lakh population. AYUSH provides a way to increase healthcare access

AYUSH presents an opportunity to realize the potential of medical pluralism in the current environment where prevention is emphasized along with curative aspects.

AYUSH industry may create 26 mn jobs by 2020 according to Government reports.

Given the rising popularity of AYUSH and alternative medicine, AYUSH could help boost medical tourism in India.

Discuss challenges involved if any.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4) Explain the principle of “moulding of relief” in Indian jurisprudence. Illustrate with suitable examples in what way Judgments that impact society must be holistic.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The question throws light on the fact that the judgments passed by judiciary have greater impact on lives of people and at times justice comes at a cost that is often missed to be factored into.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of moulding of relief in the Indian judicial system and its impact on the society.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the concept of “moulding of relief”.

Body:

First The term “moulding of relief”, which means courts can pass orders in the interest of justice even if it is not strictly as per the relief prayed for, is an established concept in Indian jurisprudence. However, such an order should not be contrary to the law.

Explain with recent examples, take hints from article and illustrate the cases.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) Compared to other BRICS nations, India today has the lowest deposit insurance cover to per capita income ratio, at 0.9 times.Discuss the significance of deposit insurance coverage of bank accounts and also, comment on the lacunae in the current deposit insurance cover provided by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) and suggest suitable cure. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

With the Non-Performing Assets (NPA) situation not improving in most banks, the advent of another major crisis brought into focus, once again, the deposit insurance cover provided by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC), a subsidiary of the RBI.

 Key demand of the question:

One has to bring in a detailed analysis of how the Punjab and Maharashtra Co-operative (PMC) Bank crisis and subsequent RBI restrictions on withdrawal have brought the focus on the need for deposit insurance coverage.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss that compared to other BRICS nations, India today has the lowest deposit insurance cover to per capita income ratio, at 0.9 times.

Body:

Explain first what the issue is.

Discuss the concerns associated; An SBI report states that 93% of the premium collected by the DICGC in 2018-19 came from commercial banks (public sector: 75%, private sector: 18%), but over 94% of the claims settled (ever since the inception of the DICGC) have been those of cooperative banks. Clearly, poor governance in cooperative banks has been cross-subsidized by the better-performing commercial banks.

Suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that necessary steps in expanding and rectifying the deposit insurance scheme as a safety net of the financial system is the need of the hour.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) The pollution problem in NCR is more complex than it seems on the outside. Critically Analyse.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

Beginning Monday, the odd-even scheme for automobiles plying in Delhi will kick in. Coincidentally, the weekend preceding it saw a steep deterioration in the air quality index or AQI in the city; forcing Environmental Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) to declare a public health emergency on Friday as a desperate measure to contain the silent killer. 

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the concerns of air pollution problem facing the capital and provide for a critical analysis of what needs to be done to contain the situation.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate scenario in the capital with respect to pollution problem.

Body:

Explain the problem in detail – The NCR pollution problem is partly because of the nature of its topography.

Suggest solutions to the issue – Experts have long been making a case for public transport. The assumption among policy planners is that the Metro Rail, has been critical in addressing transport woes of NCR’s working population, especially women and is the best solution.

Conclusion:

The only freebie that matters is clear air; and our politicians who always aver the cause of the poor should remember that like income inequality pollution is hardest on those at the bottom of the pyramid.


Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

7) Do you think reviewing open-ended procurement and shifting towards private procurement to correct market inefficiencies is worth serious consideration as suggested by CACP? Analyse. (250 words)

Financialexpress

 

Why this question:

CACP, in its latest report for rabi season, has batted for direct procurement by private players, as envisaged under the Private Procurement Stockist Scheme. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One has to provide for a detailed analysis of the benefits of using open-ended procurement and shifting towards private procurement to correct market inefficiencies.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the role played by CACP to handle market inefficiencies.

Body:

The article very well explains why the govt. should opt for an open-ended grain procurement policy.

Discuss the role played by the policy of MSP and the DBT experiment etc.

Analyse in what way the open-ended grain procurement policy may benefit the agriculture sector and discuss the associated challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such policies and need for a balanced approach.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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