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Rashtriya Ekta Diwas

Topics Covered:

  1. The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

 

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas

 

What to study?

For Prelims: Role and contributions of Sardar Patel in India’s freedom struggle.

For Mains: Impact and outcomes of his actions pre and post independence.

 

Context: Rashtriya Ekta Diwas was observed on 31st October across the nation.

It marks the occasion of the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

 

Background:

The government, in 2014, decided to observe Sardar Patel Jayanti Day as Ekta Diwas. This occasion provides an opportunity to re-affirm the inherent strength and resilience of the nation to withstand the threats to its unity, integrity and security.

 

About Sardar Vallabhai Patel:

Sardar Patel is credited with uniting all 562 princely states in pre-independent India to build the Republic of India.

 

Role in the Indian National Movement:

  1. 1917– Elected as the Secretary of the Gujarat Sabha, the Gujarat wing of the Indian National Congress.
  2. 1918– Led a massive “No Tax Campaign” that urged the farmers not to pay taxes after the British insisted on tax after the floods in Kaira. His effort to bring together the farmers of his area brought him the title of ‘Sardar’.
  3. Supported the non-cooperation Movementlaunched by Gandhi and Patel toured the nation with him.
  4. 1928– When the lands of farmers were seized after they refused to pay the extra tax to the government, Patel helped the farmers by striking a deal between the government and farmers’ representatives.
  5. 1930– Imprisoned for participating in the famous Salt Satyagraha movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi.
  6. 1931- Elected as the President of Indian National Congress in its Karachi sessionwhere the party deliberated its future path.
  7. Patel was also compelled to use coercion by launching ‘Operation Polo’to liberate and integrate Hyderabad after the Nizam of Hyderabad entertained false hopes of either joining Pakistan or remaining independent.

 

Sources: pib.

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