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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic:   Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)

1) Discuss the pattern in the distribution of Livestock based industry in India. (250 words)

Vikaspedia

Why this question:

The question is based upon the contributions of Livestock based industry to the Indian economy.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the pattern in the distribution of Livestock based industry in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote key facts like – India’s livestock sector is one of the largest in the world. It has 56.7% of world’s buffaloes, 12.5% cattle, 20.4% small ruminants, 2.4% camel, 1.4% equine, 1.5% pigs and 3.1% poultry.

Body:

In brief highlight the expanse of livestock industry in India.

Livestock plays an important role in Indian economy. About 20.5 million people depend upon livestock for their livelihood. Livestock contributed 16% to the income of small farm households as against an average of 14% for all rural households. Livestock provides livelihood to two-third of rural community.

Discuss the causative factors of it.

Highlight the pattern on the basis of other dependent factors.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent)

2) How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa? Discuss. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

For a resource-strapped nation like India, an entire continent in the nascent stages of development like Africa holds out innumerable possibilities. Thus it becomes important from exam point of view for us to analyse the significance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the effect and benefits of rising natural resources of Africa to India. Explain in what way it is important for Indian economy.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight that an alliance between a nation with a billion people, with increasing demand and in need of resources, and an underdeveloped continent that is rich in natural resources would be mutually beneficially to all concerned.

Body:

Explain first the richness of natural resource of African continent.

Discuss in what way it will benefit India, as well present a brief background of the resource richness of Indian subcontinent and highlight the resource pressure.

Provide for facts to justify your answer. One can draw maps and highlight Africa-India ties to enhance the quality of the answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Through diversification of trade opportunities, deepening of diplomatic ties and increased cooperation and collaboration with African nations, India seeks to establish a firm presence in Africa that can bring prosperity to both Africa and India.


Topic:  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators.

3) Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was a selfless leader, who had a vision for the unification of the country’s interest above all other, and shaped India’s fate with unwavering devotion. Discuss.(250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

On 31 October 1875, ‘Iron Man of India’ Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born in Nadiad village in present-day Gujarat. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One has to highlight the significant contributions made by SVP to the consolidation of post independent India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate Write a few introductory lines about the Sardar Patel.

Body:

Vallabhbhai Patel, popularly known as Sardar Patel was an Indian politician. He served as the first Deputy Prime Minister of India.

He was an Indian barrister and statesman, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and a founding father of the Republic of India who played a leading role in the country’s struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation.

Patel was raised in the countryside of state of Gujarat. He was a successful lawyer. He subsequently organized peasants from Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the British Raj, becoming one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat. 

Discuss how he prevented balkanization of the country.

Briefly discuss about the integration process of Hyderabad, Junagardh, and Jammu Kashmir.

Conclusion:

Give a fair and balanced conclusion on the above.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

4) In the veneer of free trade, India should not loose fair trade. Critically analyse the statement in the light of on-going Regional Comprehensive Economic Cooperation agreement (RCEP). (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article highlights the fact that India will not sign any free-trade agreement (FTA) in a “rush” but will engage without compromising the interest of domestic industry.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the ongoing negotiations of India with RCEP. Provide for a critical analysis.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction about RCEP and its importance to the participating nations especially to India.

Body:

Mention the benefits and losses that India will bear due to the agreement.

Explain the areas that India need to negotiate with other RCEP nations.

Suggest suitable solutions to address such situations in the best interest of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5) Present an analysis of why India still defends its “developing country” status at the WTO? Explain this dichotomy in India’s development status.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article highlights that India might face challenges in the future to its status as a developing country in the multilateral forum of World Trade Organization (WTO).

Key demand of the question:

Explain that India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It has made giant strides in recent times in various fields. However, India prefers to be labeled as a developing country.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain how and why countries are labeled developing or developed by the WTO.

Body:

Explain why India prefers ‘developing country status’? – countries self-designate themselves as ‘developing country’ to take advantage of

Provisions like Article XVIII of GATT and other special and differential treatment (S&DT) provisions in the WTO agreements.

Discuss the recent developments.

Highlight the Principles proposed by USA on what does not constitute developing country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) Use of trade barriers in the name of Fair trade is often just an excuse to raise more protectionist barriers to serve domestic special interest groups, Do you agree? Justify your opinion with suitable examples.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Free trade which has driven the global economy since several decades has come under attacks in recent times.

Key demand of the question:

One has to express opinion about free trade with suitable justifications.

Directive:

JustifyWhen you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define first what free trade is.

Body:

What is Free trade?-  It is a trade policy that does not restrict imports or exports; it can also be understood as the free market idea applied to international trade.

Highlight the recent issues and stands taken by different countries like US and China.

Explain then, how a country should reciprocate if barriers are imposed for its trade.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the fact that Use of trade barriers in the name of Fair trade is often just an excuse to raise more protectionist barriers to serve domestic special interest groups.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

7) What are Spywares? Discuss the problems created by ‘Pegasus’ spyware in snooping the phones of Indian users recently and also discuss the ways to tackle the same. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is amidst the incidence of the Govt. questioning WhatsApp after spyware was detected for alleged snooping of Indians.

Key demand of the question:

The Centre has sought an explanation from messaging platform WhatsApp after the Facebook-owned company confirmed that some Indian users of its app came under surveillance using an Israeli spyware. One has to explain what are spywares and how should they be handled as a cyber-security threat.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the recent attack by the spyware.

Body:

Explain the recent incidence of spyware Pegasus.

Discuss the threats such cyber-attacks pose to the national security of the country.

What issues do they pose with respect to privacy safeguards?

Explain the associated risk factors in detail and methods to tackle them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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