Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
4) In the backdrop of the recent Global Hunger Index (GHI) report, what must India do better to keep pace with its South Asian neighbor’s in tackling hunger? Analyse the causes and the challenges while suggesting way forward.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights the fact that the 2019 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report highlights that India’s poorer neighbors: Bangladesh, Nepal, and even Pakistan have overtaken India in the battle against hunger. Thus necessitating us to evaluate the situation.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss what should be India’s stand to tackle hunger, how should it overcome the lacunas at par with its neighbors.
analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
In brief bring out the details of the report.
Explain in detail the following aspects: Highlight the facts brought out by the report; The GHI report ranks India at a lowly 102 out of 117 countries listed. Among all the countries included in the report, India has the highest rate of child wasting (which rose from the 2008-2012 level of 16.5 per cent to 20.8 per cent).Its child stunting rate (at 37.9 per cent) also remains shockingly high.
Discuss the causes that have led to the situation.
Explain that the relative success of our neighbors in combating hunger — Nepal emerging from 15 years of civil war and Pakistan still torn by internal conflict — is a sobering reminder of what India has not accomplished.
Conclude with what needs to be done.