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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1) Religious and linguistic diversity are integral to the growth and development of our society. Elucidate.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article explains how religious and linguistic diversity are integral to the growth and development of our society. And in what way we must preserve them.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to bring out the essence and need for having religious and linguistic diversity.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first, explain what religiosity and linguistic diversity mean in Indian context.

Body:

One has to explain in detail that the majority principle militates against federalism. After all, to deny states and its people their own language is tantamount to erasing their cultural identity.

Then move on to explain how majoritarianism cannot replace diversity in terms of religion and language, later, examine the hypothesis that the indiscriminate use of the majoritarian principle leads to domination and prejudice.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of diversity and need to recognize it against the concept of Majoritarianism.


Topic:  Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2) Analyse “Beti Bachao Beti padhao scheme” from the prism of social empowerment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and aims to evaluate the aspects of social empowerment benefits of the Beti Bachao Beti padhao scheme.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the social aspects of the Beti Bachao Beti padhao scheme and highlight in what way the scheme not only empowers women as a gender but empowers whole of the Indian society.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the key features of the scheme.

Body:

The overall goal of the scheme is to celebrate the Girl Child & Enable her Education.

  • The objectives of the Scheme are as under:
  • To prevent gender biased sex selective elimination
  • To ensure survival and protection of the girl child
  • To ensure education and participation of the girl child.

Explain in what way improving these factors will lead to a better society.

Discuss the interconnectedness of empowering women with other aspects of life.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the scheme.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) India drew up its national plan of action for countering AMR in 2017, Trace the progress of the programme made so far. Also, do you think it has reached a state of ‘limited successes? If so, why? Analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article talks about how exactly a year after the State launched the comprehensive Kerala Antimicrobial Resistance Strategic Action Plan (KARSAP), there are worries that the project could be losing its momentum.

Thus with the case of Kerala state it is important for us to evaluate the progress on this front and analyse the challenges involved.

Key demand of the question:

First one has to explain the coming of National action plan for countering AMR by GOI and the associated concerns in its progress. And analyse the success on this front while suggesting way forward.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss in short the national plan of action for countering AMR in 2017.

Body:

Explain first the challenges involved in implementing the WHO global AMR Action Plan that was released in 2015. 

Discuss what have been the challenges in implementing these rules across all the states and UTs in the country.

Explain what are the key concerns involved and what should be the way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions.


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) With the Naga peace process approaching the final twitch, explain the prominence of an early settlement of the time’s old issue. Deliberate the key demands of the Centre and the Nagas.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The last leg of negotiations between the government and the representatives of the six Naga National Political Groups (NNPGs) are being conducted in Delhi and the Naga peace process is expected to conclude by October 31.

Key demand of the question:

The question is based upon the ongoing happenings around Naga peace process. Students must trace the process so far and the implications along with the possibilities of way ahead.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief trace the negotiations so far.

Body:

Explain first the factors that have triggered the present situation so far.

Discuss the following aspects in the answer:

  • How did the Naga issue start?
  • Is the peace process with the NSCN the first?
  • How have the divisions impacted the peace process?
  • What are possible solutions ahead?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5) Discuss the need of a strong agriculture/veterinary patent regime to augment India’s agricultural research and development sector, also, analyse how it can prove to be a road map for agricultural technology transfer and commercialization?(250 words)

Epw

Why this question:

The article highlights the aspects of a clear road map for agricultural technology transfer and commercialization.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate India’s agricultural research and development sector scenario.

Body:

Explain that the management and transfer of agricultural technologies for commercialization purposes is considered to be a new concept in India. However, there is an upward surge in the technology protection, incubation and other commercialization activities in recent times. This can be attributed to the recent transformation of the agribusiness ecosystem in the country due to policy initiatives and more focused research in applied and frontier areas.

Discuss the various aspects, ways to augment agricultural systems, role of patents etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Appropriate policies should combine the concern with international norms with the specifics of India’s economic and social needs to ensure the success of agricultural systems through the aid of technological advancements.


TOPIC: :  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) What are Organoids? Discuss the role played by them in helping to understand diseases better. Also explain ethical challenges associated with them.( 250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently, at Neuroscience 2019, the Society for Neuroscience’s 49th annual meeting, held in Chicago, U.S., two neuroscientists warned the gathering that fellow scientists are “perilously close” to crossing the ethical red line of growing mini-brains or Organoids in the laboratory that can perceive or feel things.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the concept of Organoids in detail, its advantages and disadvantages along with the critical analysis of the ethical concerns involved. 

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what Organoids are.

Body:

Explain that Organoids are a group of cells grown in laboratories into three-dimensional, miniature structures that mimic the cell arrangement of a fully-grown organ. They are tiny (typically the size of a pea) organ-like structures that do not achieve all the functional maturity of human organs but often resemble the early stages of a developing tissue.

Discuss their salient features.

Explain how Organoids are grown in the laboratory?

Discuss the ethical concerns involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


TOPIC: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

7) What are Nano pharmaceuticals? Discuss their key features and elucidate on the role played by them in extending the economic life of proprietary drugs. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

Recently, Guidelines were released for Evaluation of Nano pharmaceuticals in India.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what are Nano pharmaceuticals, their utility, advantages and possible concerns.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what Nano pharmaceuticals are.

Body:

Nano pharmaceuticals represent an emerging field where the sizes of the drug particle or a therapeutic delivery system work at the Nano scale. 

Describe briefly the recently launched guidelines.

Explain the significance of such guidelines.

Bring out the applications of Nano pharmaceuticals.

Conclusion:

Conclude with advantages; suggest that Nano pharmaceuticals have the ability to extend the economic life of proprietary drugs, thereby creating additional revenue streams.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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