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6) What are Organoids? Discuss the role played by them in helping to understand diseases better. Also explain ethical challenges associated with them.( 250 words)

TOPIC: :  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) What are Organoids? Discuss the role played by them in helping to understand diseases better. Also explain ethical challenges associated with them.( 250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently, at Neuroscience 2019, the Society for Neuroscience’s 49th annual meeting, held in Chicago, U.S., two neuroscientists warned the gathering that fellow scientists are “perilously close” to crossing the ethical red line of growing mini-brains or Organoids in the laboratory that can perceive or feel things.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the concept of Organoids in detail, its advantages and disadvantages along with the critical analysis of the ethical concerns involved. 

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what Organoids are.

Body:

Explain that Organoids are a group of cells grown in laboratories into three-dimensional, miniature structures that mimic the cell arrangement of a fully-grown organ. They are tiny (typically the size of a pea) organ-like structures that do not achieve all the functional maturity of human organs but often resemble the early stages of a developing tissue.

Discuss their salient features.

Explain how Organoids are grown in the laboratory?

Discuss the ethical concerns involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.