- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Global mobility report
What to study?
For Prelims: Key findings of the report and about SuM4All.
For Mains: Concern and challenges, ways to address them, overview of GRA.
Context: Global Mobility Report has been released by Sustainable Mobility for All (SuM4All) initiative.
What is SuM4All?
The SuM4All initiative, launched in 2017, is an umbrella platform that brings together 55 public and private organisations and companies to act collectively to implement the SDGs and transform the transport sector.
- Not a single country — developed or developing — is on track to achieve sustainability in the transportation sector and attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) mandated by the United Nations.
- Developed countries outperformed developing countries on all mobility policy goals, except per capita transport-related greenhouse gas emissions.
- The gap is more striking on safety and air pollution, placing a higher burden on developing countries compared with the developed countries.
- Other indicators also showed wide disparities between developed and developing countries.
- With growing urbanisation, increasing world trade and new technologies, the global mobility system is stressed.
- More than one billion people or one-third of the global rural population, lack access to all-weather roads and transport services.
What needs to be done?
- Closing transport access gap in rural areas can connect this population to education, health and jobs.
- Improvements in border administration, transport and communication infrastructure can also increase global gross domestic product (GDP) by up to $2.6 trillion.
- Halving the pollution caused by the transport sector can help an additional 1.6 billion people to breathe cleaner air.
Global Roadmap for Action (GRA):
The report charted a Global Roadmap for Action (GRA), which provides a catalogue of policy measures that have been used and tested around the world to achieve four policy goals — universal access, efficiency, green mobility and safety.
The GRA will help countries to identify gaps, crucial steps and appropriate policies to ensure that transport sector contributes to attain the SDGs by 2030.
GRA will work in three ways to the policy agenda on mobility:
- Charting mobility performances of 183 developed and developing countries.
- Providing a catalogue of suitable policy measures that have been used and tested around the world to achieve any of the four policy goals.
- Laying out a methodology to extract from this catalogue of policies those measures that are most impactful and relevant to a country’s context.
Sources: Down to earth.