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1) Differentiate between religiousness and communalism while explaining how the former transformed into latter in the post -independent India. (250 words)

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

1) Differentiate between religiousness and communalism while explaining how the former transformed into latter in the post -independent India. (250 words)

Class XI and XII NCERT – Indian society

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to ascertain the difference between the religiousness and communalism and in what way one transformed into another.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what religiousness is and what communalism is.

Body:

Present the differences between the two; Religiosity is as old as the religion and civilization itself. Communalism is a newer phenomenon compared to religiosity. It was born during the colonial times, when the British used religious contrasts among different communities to rule over them. Religiosity is concerned with the worship of God. Communalism is a belief system and a social phenomenon wherein, history is interpreted for mobilization of people. Etc. 

Then explain how religiousness transformed into communalism in Free-India?

Illustrate with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude that transformation of religiosity into communalism creates serious obstacles to good governance, economic development and social harmony of our country. Therefore, both the state and the society must prevent any individual, organization or event that encourages such process.

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