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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 October 2019

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society. 

1)  Trace the impact of Globalisation on the Indian economy from past to present.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of Paper-I and is straightforward.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must trace the timeline with impact of Globalisation on the Indian economy from past to present discussing the benefits it brought in.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what globalisation is – Globalization is the free movement of people, goods, and services across boundaries.

Body:

Start by quoting some facts that imply upon the effects of globalisation on the Indian society. 

After 1991, the rise in GDP that dropped to 13% in 1991 -92 extended momentum in the following five years (1992-2001). Moreover, the annual average rate of growth in GDP was recorded to be 6.1%.

Furthermore, export growth skyrocketed to 20% in 1993-94. For 1994-95, the figures were recorded to be 18.4 per cent. Export growth statistics in recent years have been very impressive.

Explain the benefits of globalisation and way forward for Indian set up.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the impact of it.


Topic:  Effects of globalization on Indian society.

2) Do you think the impact of globalization hasn’t been uniform? Give your opinion while suggesting benefits and disadvantages of the same on the Indian society.(250 words)

Why this question:

The question expects us to examine how far globalisation and the resultant impact on economy and society have helped us in dealing with the problem of poverty, whether globalisation has helped in mitigating the issue or accentuating it.

Key demand of the question:

One has to clearly explain why and how impact of globalization hasn’t been uniform. And list down the advantages and disadvantages of it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Body:

Mention that India was main mover of globalization. The government of India made major modifications in its economic policy in 1991 by which it allowed direct foreign investments in the country. As a result of this, globalization of the Indian Industry occurred at large scale.

Discuss how globalisation resulted in reduction of poverty – Creation of jobs through growth in services sector, due to the liberalization policies, India has become a consumer oriented market where the changes are brought by the demand and supply forces. Due to the high demand and the supply chains, there has been significant growth in the market. As such, more and more job opportunities are being created in different sectors. This has increased the per capita income considerably which has improved the poverty level to a great extent, technological changes taking place due to globalisation, gender equality in access to working opportunities which has positively impacted females etc.

Discuss issues which have led to worsening of poverty – issues such as MSP under dispute at WTO, the problem of jobless growth, greater incorporation of technology which was ill suited for Indian labour market etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by listing down the pros and cons of globalisation on the Indian society.


Topic:  population and associated issues, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Do you think insistence on two-child norm for government jobs is a fair stand-in for investments in health, education, nutrition? Critically analyse in the light of such policies adopted by some of the Indian state governments.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Recently, the Assam government announced that people with more than two children will not be eligible for government jobs from January 2021. Assam will become the fourth state after Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan to have a two-child norm in place for government jobs.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the consequences of such a policy. One should analyse the pros and cons with suitable justifications and form a fair and balanced opinion.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain two –child policy and its genesis in Indian setup.

Body:

Explain that there is now compelling evidence that measures such as debarring people from holding government office amount to penalising weaker sections of the population, including women, whose reproductive choices are often subject to a variety of constraints. It is unfortunate, therefore, that the Assam government has chosen to ignore the discriminatory nature of the two-child policy.

Almost all surveys indicate that India’s population growth rate has slowed substantially in the last decade. According to the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), at 2.2, India’s total fertility rate (TFR) is very close to the desired replacement level of 2.1.

In spite of the fall in TFR, India’s population has continued to grow because nearly 50 per cent of the people are in the age group of 15-49. This means that the absolute population will continue to rise even though couples have less children.

Thus analyse in detail using suitable facts and conclude with critical analysis of such a policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the right to seek a government job or contest elections is citizens’ rights. State governments will do well to rethink throttling such rights to enforce population control.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) Considering the complexities and ground realities, development in Northeast will require special handling; in such a context discuss the importance of Act East Policy (AEP).(250 words)

Economictimes

 

Why this question:

The article is one amongst the series of articles that have been tracing the developmental aspect of NER and significance of the same to the overall developmental aspect.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the importance of development of Act East Policy.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the complexities and ground realities of North-East.

Body:

Northeast India, considered remote and landlocked, shares 80 percent of its border with other countries, including China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Discuss the key features of the regions and its importance.

Explain the policies and initiatives taken by the government to improvise the region and bring its potential to full use.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward, suggesting benefits of the policy.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5) Discuss the key features of Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA). Why is it often referred to as a “draconian” law? Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Recently, National Conference leader and former Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Farooq Abdullah has been detained under the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, sources have confirmed to The Indian Express.

Last month, former IAS officer Shah Faesal was stopped at New Delhi airport Wednesday and sent back to Kashmir, where he has been detained under the Public Safety Act (PSA).

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to critically analyse the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA).

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss the context of the question in brief.

Body:

Start by explaining the features of Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA).explain the history of J&K Public Safety Act.

Some key features include – The PSA allows for administrative detention for up to two years “in the case of persons acting in any manner prejudicial to the security of the State”, and for administrative detention up to one year where “any person is acting in any manner prejudicial to the maintenance of public order”.

 Detention orders under PSA can be issued by Divisional Commissioners or District Magistrates.

 The detaining authority need not disclose any facts about the detention “which it considers being against the public interest to disclose”.

 Under Section 23 of the Act, the government is empowered to “make such Rules consistent with the provisions of this Act, as may be necessary for carrying out the objects of this Act”.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issue.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

6) Discuss how the border dispute with China is posing a major test to the India-China bilateral relations. List down the efforts taken by both countries in this regard and their consequences.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recurrent conflicts between India and China at the border have brought to light the existing Border dispute between India and China. The failure of the two nations to resolve the issue has had a profound impact on the bilateral relations and the article discusses the need for a more balanced approach. 

Key demand of the question:

Answer must explain the context, issues involved, the background and the causes for fallout while suggesting way ahead to tackle the scenario.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief state the scenario between the two countries.

Body:

  • Explain first the background on India-China border issues.
  • Explain the associated fallouts between the two in the past.
  • Discuss in detail the Agreements and initiatives to resolve border disputes.
  • Suggest what should be the position of both the countries on border disputes.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


TOPIC: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

7) “The first step towards tackling climate change is to accept the science and create conditions for innovative solutions”. Comment. ( 250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article explains in what way the projections of future climate are based on scenarios of socio-economic changes.

Key demand of the question:

One has to elucidate upon the fact that the first step towards tackling climate change is to accept the science and create conditions for innovative solutions.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the alarming concerns posed by climate change.

Body:

First discuss the significance of science to handle the ill effects of climate change.

Take hints from the article and explain in what way tackling climate change is to accept the science and create conditions for innovative solutions to be found.

Explain what effect the climate change is having upon the children of future generations who are unknowingly compelled to involve in tackling and dealing with climate change.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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