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3) Do you think insistence on two-child norm for government jobs is a fair stand-in for investments in health, education, nutrition? Critically analyse in the light of such policies adopted by some of the Indian state governments.(250 words)

Topic:  population and associated issues, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Do you think insistence on two-child norm for government jobs is a fair stand-in for investments in health, education, nutrition? Critically analyse in the light of such policies adopted by some of the Indian state governments.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Recently, the Assam government announced that people with more than two children will not be eligible for government jobs from January 2021. Assam will become the fourth state after Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan to have a two-child norm in place for government jobs.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the consequences of such a policy. One should analyse the pros and cons with suitable justifications and form a fair and balanced opinion.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain two –child policy and its genesis in Indian setup.

Body:

Explain that there is now compelling evidence that measures such as debarring people from holding government office amount to penalising weaker sections of the population, including women, whose reproductive choices are often subject to a variety of constraints. It is unfortunate, therefore, that the Assam government has chosen to ignore the discriminatory nature of the two-child policy.

Almost all surveys indicate that India’s population growth rate has slowed substantially in the last decade. According to the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), at 2.2, India’s total fertility rate (TFR) is very close to the desired replacement level of 2.1.

In spite of the fall in TFR, India’s population has continued to grow because nearly 50 per cent of the people are in the age group of 15-49. This means that the absolute population will continue to rise even though couples have less children.

Thus analyse in detail using suitable facts and conclude with critical analysis of such a policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the right to seek a government job or contest elections is citizens’ rights. State governments will do well to rethink throttling such rights to enforce population control.

CategoriesINSIGHTS