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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) What do you understand by ‘Sarpanch Pati’ in the context of Indian society? Examine the causative factors and impact of such culture. (150 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Panchayati Raj institutions are a watershed in India’s democratic history as they not only percolated democratic decentralization to the grassroots level but also made a giant leap in women empowerment by granting them 33% reservation. This decentralization model has its own blend of realism and tokenism. The question critically analyses Role of Women in Panchayati Raj Institutions.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the drawbacks of the phenomena of Sarpanch pati, discuss the challenges it poses and one should suggest solutions to such a concern.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly introduce the phenomenon of Sarpanch pati. 

Body:

Explain first the reasons behind emergence of this phenomenon – Poor social status of women, lack of education, social barriers placed by the traditional orthodox and parochial society, absence of recognition of women and their contributions etc.

Discuss the impact of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting what needs to be done and how can such a situation be overcome.


Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2) “It was a strong belief of Mahatma Gandhi that in the non-violent struggle of Swaraj, the women of India can leave behind men by a mile.” Comment. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

For Mahatma Gandhi, Swaraj was not just liberation from foreign rule. It was a multi-dimensional concept. The question aims to ascertain the role of women in Swaraj.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significant role women played in attaining Swaraj for India.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce by explaining the Gandhian concept of Swaraj.

Body:

Explain first the idea of women empowerment as suggested by Mahatma Gandhi – According to Gandhiji, traits like perseverance and peaceful resistance of authority should be the ideals of women in India. They are the symbol of moral power.

Gandhian movements helped women shed their deep-rooted sense of inferiority and rise to dignity and self-esteem.

Gandhiji was against evil socio-religious practices like child marriage, purdah system, dowry system, etc.

Quote some women leaders during the period of struggle for Swaraj and highlight their significant role.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Women’s entry into national politics through non-violent methods brought miraculous results. On one hand, women became aware of their inner strength, and on the other, the process brought human and moral elements into politics.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3) Discuss whether mandatory linking of Aadhaar to social media accounts violates an individual’s right to privacy, and the balance between intermediary liability and free speech.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article brings out a detailed discussion upon the balance between intermediary liability and free speech in the days of rising use of Internet.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the recent step taken by the government of India to frame rules to regulate social media citing unimaginable disruption to democracy and the growing menace of fake news.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first explain the step being taken the GOI.

Body:

Currently, liabilities of the intermediaries on online content are governed by the Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules operational from April 2011.

The government now says that they recognise that rules need to be revisited and has initiated a consultation process on framing the revised guidelines.

The government aims to ramp up the regulatory regime considering the ever-growing threats to individual rights and the nation’s integrity, sovereignty, and security.

Explain then the concerns raised by Social Media intermediaries.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

4) India is planning to frame rules to regulate social media citing unimaginable disruption to democracy and the growing menace of fake news. In this context discuss what are the concerns raised by Social Media intermediaries? And suggest way forward.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

India plans to frame rules to regulate social media citing unimaginable disruption to democracy and the growing menace of fake news. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concerns associated with social media intermediaries. What are the issues around it?

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the context of the article.

Body:

Explain that Currently, a liability of the intermediaries on online content is governed by the Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules operational from April 2011.

The government now says that they recognise that rules need to be revisited and has initiated a consultation process on framing the revised guidelines.

The government aims to ramp up the regulatory regime considering the ever-growing threats to individual rights and the nation’s integrity, sovereignty, and security.

Discuss the point that Social media intermediaries like Facebook and WhatsApp have argued that “seeking to trace the origin of messages” would lead to loss of individual privacy.

Conclusion:

Conclude that while the government must ensure that privacy is not compromised, Social Media companies must not take umbrage under the right to privacy.


General Studies – 3


TOPIC:   Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources.

5) Agreeing to the recently released National milk sample safety quality survey, contamination in milk is a more severe problem than adulteration. Discuss. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

National milk sample safety quality survey has been released by the Food Safety and Standard Authority of India (FSSAI). The “most comprehensive and representative” milk safety and quality survey has demolished the perception of large-scale milk adulteration in India.

Key demand of the question:

One has to debate upon the fact that in India, contamination in milk is a more severe problem than adulteration. Suggest solutions to it by providing a brief analysis of the issue.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the findings of the survey.

Body:

First quote the Key findings of the report.

FSSAI has claimed that the quality of milk in the country is largely safe. However, it has added that contamination due to Aflatoxin M1 and Antibiotic residues is a more serious problem than adulteration.

Explain in detail the concerns associated.

Suggest what should be the way forward to handle the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions.


TOPIC: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6) India intends to move away entirely from single-use plastics by 2022,yet the fact is India hasn’t had much success with plastic waste regulation despite ambitious policy moves. Discuss in detail the underlying causes of such a situation and suggest solutions.( 250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The article captures a detailed discussion on What does India’s plastic regulation provide for, and where does it fall short.

Key demand of the question:

One must debate upon the plastic regulation scenario of the country. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief state some key facts to set the context of the question.

Body:

The answer must detail upon what ails India when it comes to meaningful action on reducing plastic waste.

Explain what does India’s plastic regulation provide for, and where does it fall short?

Discuss that India has tried to regulate plastic pollution for at least two decades now. And yet nearly every stakeholder seems ill-prepared. Is regulation the problem, or is it industry and consumers who have simply failed to respond?

Suggest solutions specific to the problems.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) Compare and contrast code of ethics and code of conduct. (250 words) 

Ethics by Lexicon publications 

Why this question:

Both of these concepts are important concepts which share some similarities and several differences which need to be discussed upon.

Key demand of the question:

The question wants us to simply bring out in detail the differences between the Code of Ethics and the Code of Conduct and draw a detailed comparison of the same.

Directive:

Compare and contrastprovide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Mention that both Code of Ethics and Code of Conduct are similar as they are used in an attempt to encourage specific forms of behaviour by employees. However, the two have several differences between them.

Body:

Start by defining both the terms first.

An aspirational document, issued by the higher level management/ board of directors containing core ethical values, principles and ideals of the organization is Code of Ethics while as a directional document containing specific practices and behavior, that are followed or restricted under the organization is Code of Conduct; the former is general and wide in nature while as the latter is specific and narrow in range; COE governs decision making while as COC governs actions;  Code of Conduct are originated from the code of ethics, and it converts the rules into specific guidelines, that must be followed by the members of the organisation;COE is focused on values and principles while as COC is focused on compliance and rules etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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