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2)  “In India’s developmental journey, tribals have been left behind”. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Topic:Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2)  “In India’s developmental journey, tribals have been left behind”. Critically analyse. (250 words) 

Downtoearth

Why this question:

The question seeks to study the impact of development process on the tribal communities in India.

Key demand of the question:

One has to critically present in what way tribal communities have been on the rear end of receiving benefits of the development stratergy.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start introduction by giving some data justifying the statement. Like, overall poverty in India is 21.9%, whereas for tribal population it stands at 46%.

You may even start by briefly describing the distribution of tribal population in India, supported by data.

Body:

  • Start by explaining how development has had negative impact on tribals overall socio economic development. For eg. Forced migration, loss of livelihood, displacement, acculturation issues, etc.
  • Refer report by Virginius Xaxa committee.
  • Add case study and maps to support your discussions above. For eg. Niyamgiri hills-Vedanta group case, Sardar sarovar dam case, Can also add datas  on development indicators like MMR,IMR ,Literacy rate ,etc .of the tribal populations on mineral rich regions.
  • Have a discussion on the positive impacts of development on tribal population. For eg. Under khanij kshetra kalyan yojana 60% funds of District mineral funds will be spend on areas like health, sanitation etc.
  • In way forward show the different measures and recent schemes by Govt. for tribal development such as FRA, PESA, Tribal sub plan approach, Van bandhu scheme, Eklavya  scheme,etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

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