Print Friendly, PDF & Email

1) Urbanization is considered as an agent of socio-economic growth. Do you think Indian Urbanization has helped in India’s socio economic growth? Discuss.(250 words)

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1) Urbanization is considered as an agent of socio-economic growth. Do you think Indian Urbanization has helped in India’s socio economic growth? Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of urbanization and its impact on socio-economic growth.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the effect of urbanization as an agent of socio-economic growth.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote – Urbanization in India increased from 28.53% in 2001 census, to 31.16% as per 2011 census. In 2017, the numbers increased to 34%, according to The World Bank.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects:

  • Discuss why urbanization is considered as an agent of growth. Like increase in employment opportunities, poverty reduction, women empowerment, access to better basic amenities, modernization, etc. 
  • In next part, discuss in Indian context benefit of urbanization on socio economic growth. For eg. Poverty reduction, etc.
  • Discuss the challenges Indian urbanization is facing and that it has not led to the intended benefits. Can mention World banks report on urbanization. For eg. Messy and hidden urbanization( Messy urbanization is reflected in the almost 65.5 million Indians who, according to the country’s 2011 Census, live in urban slums, as well as the 13.7 percent of the urban population that lived below the national poverty line in 2011), unplanned and haphazard  urbanization leading to problems like water shortage, environmental problems, hazards(eg. Chennai floods), concretization, heat island effect, poor policy for migrants, etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the steps taken by the government to deal with the same. Or conclude by mentioning strategies that should be put in place to leverage the benefit of urbanization and deal with the challenges.

CategoriesINSIGHTS