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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 17 October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1) Discuss the factors due to which the Communists led by Mao-Tse-Tung emerged victorious in the Chinese Civil War. How did Mao’s victory impact South Asian politics?(250 words)

World history by Norman Lowe

Key demand of the question:

This question seeks reasons for the victory of Chinese Communist Party over KMT regime in the Chinese Civil War and its impact upon South Asian Politics.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly introduced the Chinese Civil War and how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) emerged victorious despite the odds. 

Body:

Discuss the following aspects in the answer body:

Political: The administration of both parties, Sino-Japanese War, Long march etc. 

Socio-economic: The peasant and workers, the reforms of CCP, the communism effect etc. 

Comparative Leadership: Mao Tse Tung vs Chiang Kai Shek, the revolutionary spirit of CCP etc. 

The next part of body must outline the effect of Chinese Revolution in the South Asian Region. The Tibet issue, Sino-Indian war, Taiwan and One China Policy etc. must be written. 

Conclusion:

Conclusion must summarize the above mentioned points which changed the fate of China and trace the emerging of the present day assertive China to this civil war.


Topic:History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2) Discuss how the process of Liberation of Latin America resulted in problems which are the root of contemporary issues in the region today. (250 words) 

World history by Norman Lowe

Key demand of the question:

This question asks to trace the link of contemporary issues of Latin America with the Liberation of Latin America.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction about how the Liberation of Latin America resulted in political instability in those regions.

Body:

Firstly divide the Latin American contemporary issues country wise. Use a table to save words. Then develop how these have root in the liberation war. Issues like Venezuelan crisis, Under development, Cuba, Narcotics, Communisms, and Autocracy etc. should all be addressed. Later below the table, briefly offer explanation for the same linking to Liberation wars.

Another way of answering these questions is dividing in to issue wise and addressing it country wise. Drawing a simple representation of Latin American map and pointing out important countries/issues used in the answer will enrich your answer.

Since the issues/countries are may, keep the answer very specific.

Conclusion:

The conclusion must offer a way forward how the conditions in the present area taking the positives from the past.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3)  Higher minimum wage solutions for the poor can have encouraging multiplier effects to the economy. Elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the impact of minimum wage solutions for the poor and in what way it would impact the economy.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what is the impact of such a policy and its effect on the economy.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce by mentioning about the government’s recent decision to improve rural wages.

Body:

Recently The central government decided to adopt new indexation of NREGA wages based on CPI-Rural instead of CPI-AL, meant to increase rural incomes. The current daily NREGA wages are just a quarter of the minimum daily living wage of Rs 692 as outlined in the 7th Pay Commission.

Explain the benefits of higher disposable income for the poor on the entire economy.

Give suggestions to increase the income of poor in the conclusion.

Conclusion:

Conclude that increasing the disposable income of the poor is important not only for their livelihood but is also critical for reviving the slowdown in the economy. It is economically prudent to substantially increase the budget for public programmes such as NREGA.


Topic:   Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) Discuss the salient features of Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation Act (LAAR) that is about to be heard by the apex court bench. Also explain the case and its impacts on landholders and developers. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

A five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court is set to hear a case on the interpretation of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation Act (LAAR). Thus important from examination point of view to understand the features of the act.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the case and reasons for which it is being heard and the salient features of the Act. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the background of the case 

Body:

  • Start by stating the reasons as to why was a referral to a larger Bench made?
  • The Bench headed by Justice Arun Mishra will specifically interpret a provision of the law, Section 24(2), which states that when a developer fails to take possession of the land acquired under the 1894 Act for five years, or if compensation is not paid to the owner, the land acquisition process would fail and will have to initiated afresh under the LAAR. 
  • Discuss the significance of the judgment and the impact it shall have.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) Critically examine the performance of India’s most ambitious health scheme; Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh have emerged as the top-performing States under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), thus necessitating us to examine the performance of the scheme.

Key demand of the question:

One must examine the performance of the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote data on the performance of Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.

Body:

The question is direct and straightforward, there isn’t much to deliberate apart from listing of the facts to substantiate the performance of the scheme.

Explain that It was launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage. Provide for details of the scheme.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the scheme will continue to focus on reducing catastrophic out-of-pocket health expenditure, improving access to quality health care and meeting the unmet need of the population for hospitalization care, so that India can move towards the vision of Universal Health Coverage.


General Studies – 3


TOPIC: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Discuss the Renewable energy generation capacity of India.What would be a cost-effective way to enhance the renewable energy generation capacity of India? Elaborate. ( 250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article throws light upon the methods of enhancing cost effective renewable energy generation to augment the capacity of Indian renewable energy sector.

Key demand of the question:

One has to briefly present the Indian renewable energy scenario and explain some of the key cost-effective ways to enhance the renewable energy generation capacity of India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by stating facts – India aims to have a renewables capacity of 175 GW by 2022 and 500 GW by 2030. The editorial analyses how India can achieve these targets in a cost-effective manner.

Body:

First explain Renewable energy generation capacity of India with relevant facts and details such as – currently installed capacity of 358 GW is about four times of what it was in 1997-98, which shows a doubling of capacity in each of the past two decades — or about 75 MW per day. By India’s historical standards, these are astonishing numbers.

Then move onto discuss what the concerns are therein.

Explain What would be a cost-effective way to enhance the renewable energy generation capacity of India?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) What do you comprehend by medical ethics? Discuss and also inspect its significance in the context of worsening patient-physician relationship in India.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of Medical ethics.

Key demand of the question:

One has to present an account on worsening patient-physician relationship in India, explain what Medical ethics is.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining what you understand by Medical ethics.

Body:

Explain that Medical ethics deals with the right choices of conduct in the field of human health. It deals with the distinction between what is considered right or wrong at a given time in a given culture. Medical ethics is concerned with the obligations of the doctors and the hospital to the patient along with other health professionals and society.

Mention the issues concerning the doctor-patient relationship.

Explain how ethical conduct can improve this relationship.

Suggest solutions as to how these relations can be revived.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the doctor–patient relationship is one based on mutual trust and respect between the two parties thus it is important to keep the relations revived.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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