Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
5) Critically examine the performance of India’s most ambitious health scheme; Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. (250 words)
Why this question:
Recently Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh have emerged as the top-performing States under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), thus necessitating us to examine the performance of the scheme.
Key demand of the question:
One must examine the performance of the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
In brief quote data on the performance of Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.
The question is direct and straightforward, there isn’t much to deliberate apart from listing of the facts to substantiate the performance of the scheme.
Explain that It was launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage. Provide for details of the scheme.
Conclude that the scheme will continue to focus on reducing catastrophic out-of-pocket health expenditure, improving access to quality health care and meeting the unmet need of the population for hospitalization care, so that India can move towards the vision of Universal Health Coverage.