TOPIC: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
5) A sustainable solution for price stabilisation is the need of the hour than merely relying on ad-hoc measures. Discuss in the context of Operation Green-TOP.(250 words)
Why this question:
Tomatoes-onions-potatoes (TOP) are the three basic vegetables that face extreme price volatility and the government often finds itself on the edge in fulfilling its dual objectives of ensuring remunerative prices for farmers and affordable prices for consumers. Thus necessitating us to examine the relevance of a sustainable price stabilization scheme.
Key demand of the question:
One has to explain the challenges the operation Green has come across in dealing with the issue of price stability. Explain the challenges and suggest solutions.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In short explain the TOP Scheme.
First discuss the key features of the current program of the government of India that seeks to address price volatility issue in agriculture system of the country.
Explain what are the possible long term solutions that can be taken forward.
Suggest sustainable solution for price stabilisation.
Conclude with way ahead.