Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures—Structure, Functioning, Conduct of Business, Powers & Privileges and Issues Arising out of these.
3) As per Article 81, the composition of the Lok Sabha should represent changes in population. But it has remained more or less the same since the delimitation carried out based on the 1971 Census. Why is it so? Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is based on the importance that article 81 hold in Indian constitutional setup and its relevance to Indian population in the current times.
Key demand of the question:
One has to throw light on the unchanged composition of Lok Sabha despite changes in population numbers and relevance of the same and suggest what needs to be done.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief describe article 81 of the Indian constitution – Article 81 of the Constitution defines the composition of the House of the People or Lok Sabha. It states that the House shall not consist of more than 550 elected members of whom not more than 20 will represent Union Territories.
Explain in detail the why the number of Lok Sabha seats need to be rationalized on the basis of population?
What are the provisions related to it in the constitution? – provide here for an in-depth analysis for article 81 and the significance of these provisions.
Conclude with what needs to be done and way ahead.