Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
2) Post-Independence, apart from extreme poverty, illiteracy, a ruined agriculture and industry, the structural distortions created by colonialism in Indian economy and society made the future transition to self-sustained
Growth much more difficult. Comment.(250 words)
Post- independence India by Bipin Chandra
Why this question:
The question aims to ascertain the challenges faced during the transition of Indian economy from the colonial times to the modern economy immediately post-independence.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the challenges faced by the Indian economy to transition itself from the colonial era to a self-sustained growing economy of its own.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
In brief discuss the conditions that Indian economy was in when India got independence.
Explain the challenges faced by the Indian economy soon after independence.
Then move on to explain under what circumstances our leaders adopted a mixed economy.
Explain the process of planning and its impact.
Discuss briefly the significance of socialist planning and impact on Indian economy along with the variety of challenges that came through while realizing the economic planning process.
Conclude with achievements.