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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11  October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1) For different reasons albeit, violence Jallianawala Bagh and Chauri Chauri were a wakeup call to Indian nationalists. Analyse how both these incidents affected the contemporary politics.(250 words)

Modern history by Spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question seeks to analyse the two unfortunate incidents of chauri chaura and jallianwala bagh from political perspective. 

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the incidents of Jallianwala bagh and Chauri-Chaura and its impact on Indian nationalist movement.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly introduce the two incidents in one, the satyagrahis bore the brunt and the other in which they were the perpetrators. Both having large scale political ramifications.

Body:

The body should consist of two subheadings one for Jallianwala Bagh and other for Chauri Chaura.

Both the outcome of incidents must be analyzed in detail. All the impacts on the national movements both positive and negative must be addressed. The criticism arising from these should also be mentioned. Most importantly, how these incidents affected the political landscape and changed the future scenario and impacted future mass movements have to be written.

Conclusion:

Conclusion must cover the ‘lessons learnt’ from these two unfortunate events and how the mistakes made were avoided in the future.


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2) Analyse the causes for the failure of Revolt of 1857. (250 words)

Modern history by Spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on the theme of revolt of 1857.

Key demand of the question:

One must elaborately explain the causative factors that led to revolt of 1857.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief bring out the significance of the historic 1857 revolt. 

Body:

Explain the administrative, military and ideological causes separately under different sub-heads covering the causes in detail like – Lack of Planning and Co-ordination, Weak Leadership, Superior British Army, Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication, Lack of Societal Alternative etc. 

Also list down the impact that the revolt left on the Indian nationalists.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of the revolt.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) Recently mental health conditions among youngsters have been on rise; in such a scenario discuss the need for multiple interventions to prevent mental health disorders among adolescents.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is in the background of world mental health day that was celebrated recently across the world. The question seeks to examine the significance of multiple interventions in mental health disorders and their need.

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the necessity of mental health interventions especially amongst the adolescents. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

At first explain how by making mental health services and resources readily available, we are investing in the future well-being of our society.

Body:

Explain first what is meant by mental health, why it is often a taboo to get medical help in this scenario.

Explain the irreversible damages that the mental health diseases can lead to especially among adolescents.

Quote data suggesting that the issue of such disorders is alarming.

Take hints from the article and explain that Half of all mental health disorders in adulthood start by 14 years of age, with many cases being undetected. Those who suffer from depression and anxiety in adulthood may often begin experiencing this from childhood and it may peak during adolescence and their early 20s.

Discuss the efforts made by the Government of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with vitality of such medical interventions for the betterment of our societies and their futures.


Topic:   Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4) What is Country Cooperation Strategy of the WHO that was recently in news? How far do you think India has achieved in improving the health of its population and bringing in transformative changes in the health sector?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023: A Time of Transition’ has been launched recently.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail what is The WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023 and its significance.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief provide for an overview of the cooperation. 

Body:

First explain that the India CCS is one of the first that fully aligns itself with the newly adopted WHO 13th General Programme of Work and its ‘triple billion’ targets, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and WHO South-East Asia Region’s eight Flagship Priorities.

CCS provides a strategic roadmap for WHO to work with the Government of India towards achieving its health sector goals, in improving the health of its population and bringing in transformative changes in the health sector.

Explain the significance of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources.

5) Indian cities are running out of water, coupled with alarming drinking water woes in cities, thus raising questions about the quality of the discourse and choice of water governance strategies in India. Discuss the factors responsible along with measures to improve water governance in the country.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article presents a detailed evaluation of NITI Aayog’s strategy for water resources and highlights the water management issues in India.

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the issues and challenges associated with the water governance in the country and suggest way forward for the same.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the relevance of NITI Aayog’s plans in the past for governance of water.

Body:

Explain the factors responsible for water crisis in the country.

Cover all the aspects ranging from fresh water, ground water etc. and their respective problems.

Discuss the lacunae in terms of governance of these issues like – failure of the authorities to address the situation, outdated ideas, procedures etc.

Suggest solutions as required.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

6) Ujjwala scheme has been heralding “The Blue Flame Revolution”, in this context discuss in what way it has impacted the lives of poor rural women. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

 

Why this question:

The article presents the success of the Ujjwala scheme that brought in the empowerment of rural poor women.

Key demand of the question:

One must elucidate on the salient features of the scheme and in what way it has successfully empowered the rural poor women in the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the importance of Ujjwala scheme in the Indian set up.

Body:

Ujjwala aims at bringing clean cooking fuel to poor households, identified according to the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC). More than 44 percent of Ujjwala beneficiaries is currently are from SC/ST communities. 

Discuss the factors that have led to the positive outcome of the scheme.

What are the associated challenges?

Explain how it has empowered rural poor women in terms of – access to education, access to basic needs etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

7) The government of India’s bid to build a Green wall will be a breakthrough development if fulfilled successfully. Comment.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article provides for the detailed presentation of the scheme for Green wall proposed by the government of India on the lines of the Green wall of Sahara in Africa.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the relevance of such move to the environmental efforts of the government.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain how the idea is a true inspiration. 

Body:

Discuss the grand significance of such a pilot project that is a great step forward in terms of reducing carbon foot print on Earth.

India is reportedly planning to undertake a vast reforestation exercise along the Aravalli hill range that stretches from the Ridge of Delhi to Banaskantha in Gujarat.

Provide for a brief discussion on the African green belt too.

Discuss the aim behind the project and assert upon its significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude that it is a positive step forward to deal with the issue of climate change and global warming.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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