Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources.
5) Indian cities are running out of water, coupled with alarming drinking water woes in cities, thus raising questions about the quality of the discourse and choice of water governance strategies in India. Discuss the factors responsible along with measures to improve water governance in the country.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article presents a detailed evaluation of NITI Aayog’s strategy for water resources and highlights the water management issues in India.
Key demand of the question:
One has to bring out the issues and challenges associated with the water governance in the country and suggest way forward for the same.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the relevance of NITI Aayog’s plans in the past for governance of water.
Explain the factors responsible for water crisis in the country.
Cover all the aspects ranging from fresh water, ground water etc. and their respective problems.
Discuss the lacunae in terms of governance of these issues like – failure of the authorities to address the situation, outdated ideas, procedures etc.
Suggest solutions as required.
Conclude with way forward.