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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10  October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1) The Indian National Congress consisted of various ideas and ideologies, often contradictory to each other; do you think it was a mark of pluralism? How did it shape India?Discuss. (250 words)

 Freedom struggle of India by Bipin Chandra

Why this question:

The question is centered on heterogeneous ideas within Congress. The answer has to visit all the different ideologies within Congress to show whether it was pluralistic or not. Then it has to show how these different ideologies impacted the modern India. 

Key demand of the question:

One must elucidate upon the various ideas and ideologies of INC and discuss the pluralistic tendencies and in what way it shaped India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Mention the diverse composition of Congress and the ideas and ideologies they stood for. 

Body:

Start by clearly outlining various ideologies and groups within Congress.

It should highlight how these individuals/groups were in contradiction to each other. Examples such a moderates vs. extremists, pro changers vs no changers, landlords vs. peasants’ right wing, capitalists, Socialists etc must included with examples. Even individual ideological clashes like Gandhi vs Bose will add value to answer. 

Then one should provide justification that it was a mark of pularilism. Examples should be provided as how Congress was pluralistic. 

Final part of body should be how these diverse ideas have impacted India. Links should be developed to current affairs to make answer holistic.  

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasizing pluralism of Indian National Congress clearly.


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2) Examine how the introduction of railways played a part in both integration as well as obliteration of rural economy .(250 words)

Modern history by Spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the introduction of Railways to India and its impact on integration of rural economy to rest of the country.

Key demand of the question:

In this question, you need to answer how railways played a part in integration of isolated rural Indian economy with national economy but the integration had negative impact resulting in further destruction of rural economy. 

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The introduction should develop a link between how introduction of railways impacted rural economy in both positive and negative terms.

Body:

The first part of the body should explore the integration of rural economy with the national economy. The rural economy before the introduction of railways must be explained in a sentence or two. Then the integration into national economy and its transition must be explained using suitable examples and arguments. The advantages due such integration the rural India obtained should be highlighted.

The next part of the body must clearly explain using facts and figures as to how the railways resulted in destruction of rural economy. A proper sequence of events and how the various events are linked must be developed. For ex, Railways with Commercialization of agriculture, Railways with lack of resources for Indian Artisans etc. A flow chart may be used to clearly explain the above links and convey information in fewer words.

Conclusion:

outline the summary that Railways were more harmful than beneficial in the short run but in the longer run they were beneficial not just for the economy but for national movement as a whole.


Topic:  The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

3) Satnamis were one of the few overtly anti-caste movements in South Asian history.Discuss who are Satnamis? Why they revolted against Mughal Empire? Comment on the outcomes and significance of it. (250 words)

Downtoearth

Why this question:

The question is based on Satnamis revolt and significance of it.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in details Who are Satnamis? Why they revolted against Mughal Empire? Outcomes and significance.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate who are Satnamis.

Body:

Explain the Satnami revolt in detail.

Who were they? Their contributions, causes for the revolt.

What was the outcome of it and why is it significant.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the outcome and significance.


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 4) Under nutrition and over nutrition in Indian children sharply differ depending on where they come from, bring out the sharp rural-urban divide that is highlighted by the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey and suggest way forward.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The first-ever Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) has been conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF).

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the highlights  of the survey and analyse the trends in rural-urban divide in terms of child nutrition aspects.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief list down the findings of the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS)

Body:

Explain the rural –urban divide with statistics – Malnutrition among children in urban India is characterized by relatively poor levels of breastfeeding, higher prevalence of iron and Vitamin D deficiency as well as obesity due to long commute by working mothers, prosperity and lifestyle patterns.

It is believed that wealthier households in urban areas and sedentary lifestyles of children may also be responsible for a higher deficiency of Vitamin D in urban areas (19%) as compared to rural areas (12%).

Rural parts of the country see a higher percentage of children suffering from stunting, underweight and wasting and lower consumption of milk products.

Rural children lag in intake of zinc which causes diarrhea, growth retardation, loss of appetite and impaired immune function. Among children aged 1–4 years, zinc deficiency is more common in rural areas (20%) compared to urban areas (16%).

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done to overcome the issue.


Topic:   Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

5) What is Wuhan Spirit? Provide for detailed analysis of the effects of first Wuhan Summit on Indo-China relations.(250 words)

Indiatoday

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the informal summit that is to be held between India and China.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the Wuhan Spirit and analyse the effects of it on Indo- China relations.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss What happened in the Wuhan Informal Summit? 

Body:

In brief, discuss the context by emphasizing on informal Wuhan Summit and Mamallapuram summit.

Explain what is Wuhan Summit – Focuses on the opportunities, the countries have, to ensure a ‘higher level strategic communications’ between the two nations.

Discuss the challenges both countries facing to have a better outcome at the Mamallapuram summit.

Suggest measures to strengthen trust between the two countries.

Conclusion:

Conclude with implications of such meetings.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

6) “Vanilla Islands can act as a gateway to strategic space for Delhi in south western Indian Ocean”. Elucidate. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article discusses in what way Vice-President Naidu’s visit to the Indian Ocean islands could be a moment for Delhi to launch economic, defence cooperation with the littoral. 

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain that for India to be effective in the south western Indian Ocean, Delhi must begin to treat the Vanilla Islands as a single strategic space.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss what constitutes Vanilla Islands.

Body:

Explain the following dimensions in your answer:

Discuss first the significance of New frontiers – Vanilla Islands:

 

  • India is devoting greater attention to the Indian Ocean. Many places that have long fallen off Delhi’s political radar are coming into view. 
  • A group of Exotic Island states in the South Western Indian Ocean — The Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles — joined hands to promote tourism. 
  • Many of them grow vanilla and so they call themselves after it.
  • Vice president is the first senior figure from the Indian leadership to visit the Comoros.

Then discuss the significance of these islands to India and trace the historical ties and pasts. Discuss the current importance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward for India in the current scenario.


 

General Studies – 4


Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating value.

7) “Mahatma Gandhi was a thinker with a profoundly ecological sensibility”. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article captures the environmental sensibility that Gandhi had.

Discuss the significance of the same.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain with suitable illustrations as to how Mahatma practiced ecological sensibility.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate Gandhian thoughts on ecology.

Body:

Discuss that Gandhi never explicitly theorized upon ecological sensibility but he practiced in every walk of life.

Elaborate on how Gandhi strikes a remarkable chord with all those who have cherished the principles of non-injury, cared for the environment, practised vegetarianism, worked energetically to conserve air, soil, and water, resisted the depredations of developers, recycled paper, or accorded animals the dignity of humans.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of his thoughts that are relevant even today.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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