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4) Under nutrition and over nutrition in Indian children sharply differ depending on where they come from, bring out the sharp rural-urban divide that is highlighted by the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey and suggest way forward.(250 words)

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 4) Under nutrition and over nutrition in Indian children sharply differ depending on where they come from, bring out the sharp rural-urban divide that is highlighted by the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey and suggest way forward.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The first-ever Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) has been conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF).

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the highlights  of the survey and analyse the trends in rural-urban divide in terms of child nutrition aspects.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief list down the findings of the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS)

Body:

Explain the rural –urban divide with statistics – Malnutrition among children in urban India is characterized by relatively poor levels of breastfeeding, higher prevalence of iron and Vitamin D deficiency as well as obesity due to long commute by working mothers, prosperity and lifestyle patterns.

It is believed that wealthier households in urban areas and sedentary lifestyles of children may also be responsible for a higher deficiency of Vitamin D in urban areas (19%) as compared to rural areas (12%).

Rural parts of the country see a higher percentage of children suffering from stunting, underweight and wasting and lower consumption of milk products.

Rural children lag in intake of zinc which causes diarrhea, growth retardation, loss of appetite and impaired immune function. Among children aged 1–4 years, zinc deficiency is more common in rural areas (20%) compared to urban areas (16%).

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done to overcome the issue.

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