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2) Examine how the introduction of railways played a part in both integration as well as obliteration of rural economy .(250 words)

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2) Examine how the introduction of railways played a part in both integration as well as obliteration of rural economy .(250 words)

Modern history by Spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the introduction of Railways to India and its impact on integration of rural economy to rest of the country.

Key demand of the question:

In this question, you need to answer how railways played a part in integration of isolated rural Indian economy with national economy but the integration had negative impact resulting in further destruction of rural economy. 

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The introduction should develop a link between how introduction of railways impacted rural economy in both positive and negative terms.

Body:

The first part of the body should explore the integration of rural economy with the national economy. The rural economy before the introduction of railways must be explained in a sentence or two. Then the integration into national economy and its transition must be explained using suitable examples and arguments. The advantages due such integration the rural India obtained should be highlighted.

The next part of the body must clearly explain using facts and figures as to how the railways resulted in destruction of rural economy. A proper sequence of events and how the various events are linked must be developed. For ex, Railways with Commercialization of agriculture, Railways with lack of resources for Indian Artisans etc. A flow chart may be used to clearly explain the above links and convey information in fewer words.

Conclusion:

outline the summary that Railways were more harmful than beneficial in the short run but in the longer run they were beneficial not just for the economy but for national movement as a whole.

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