Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
5) Should groundwater use for cultivation of water intensive crops be discouraged? Critically analyse how groundwater can be used and managed effectively for Agricultural purposes.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights the efforts being made by International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in developing rice crops that are less water intensive.
Key demand of the question:
Provide for a detailed analysis of ground water usage associated in the agrarian systems of the country.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the importance of conserving ground water and that the major contributions in exploitation of ground water are being made by the agricultural systems; such as rice cultivation etc.
First discuss the arguments made in the article.
Explain the importance of saving ground water.
What are the factors responsible for unconditional exploitation of ground water?
Explain what needs to be done to overcome the situation, suggest alternatives.
Conclude with way forward.