Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
4) India is witnessing a gender revolution in education, but not in jobs. Critically analyse the statement listing out the causative factors responsible for such a trend. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights the recent study by the Azim Premji University which found that 96% of parents said education was as important for girls as it is for boys, but only 52% saw it as a means to employment for daughters, whereas for sons, it was 71%.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must assess the trends of gender revolution in education and contrast it with that in terms of Jobs and analyse what are the shortfalls being witnessed.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
In first, highlight the gender factor in education and jobs in India in brief.
Explain that educated women are a force for change. They are likely to marry later and have fewer kids. Yet, without social support structures for careers, education is in danger of becoming a goal in itself. Female labour force participation has plunged to 23.3% according to the 2018 Economic Survey. More girls are studying, but they are not necessarily landing more jobs.
Use data from the article, compare and contrast the underling factors leading to such a picture.
Conclude with what needs to be done, what should be the way forward.