Topic: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
2) Discuss the causative factors that led to rise of Jainism and Buddhism in India and comment on their significant impact on the socio-economic fabric of the India society. (250 words)
Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania/ NCERT – Ancient History by R S Sharma
Why this question:
The question is based upon the theme of evolution of Jainism and Buddhism as significant turning points in the ancient history of India.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must evaluate the rise of Buddhism and Jainism, causes and the impact that they left on the society.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
One can start by stating that Jainism and Buddhism emerged as the most potent religious reform movements during later Vedic period.
The answer must capture the following points in detail:
- Discuss the conditions prevailing prior to rise of Jainism and Buddhism.
- Discuss the factors that led to their rise – social, economic factors and the Brahminical supremacy.
- Examine the impact that Jainism and Buddhism made on India – on the development of literature, art and architecture, philosophy, caste system etc.
Conclude that Jainism and Buddhism arose to suit the needs of a changing society, patronized by an emerging class and left an indelible mark on India’s culture, architecture, philosophy and way of living that persist even today.