- Issues related to health.
Penicillin to fight rheumatic fever
What to study?
For Prelims and mains: Role of Penicillin in fighting rheumatic fever.
Context: The government is planning on the revival of Penicillin in a bid to fight against drug resistance and to tackle rheumatic heart disease.
- Penicillin is one of the oldest antibiotics known to man and is still effective in many cases as not many organisms have developed resistance to it yet.
- Discovered in 1928.
- Penicillin went out of production in India as a result of unrealistic price control.
What is Rheumatic fever?
- It is endemic in India.
- It remains to be one of the major causes of the cardiovascular disease which accounts for nearly 25 to 45 per cent of acquired heart disease.
- Though, not all sore throats become rheumatic fever with severe joint pain or end up in rheumatic heart disease.
- Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which the heart is affected by a disease that eventually leaves no option but to replace the heart valves.
The government is planning to procure Penicillin centrally for a minimum of 3 years and give it to all children aged between 5 years to 15 years suffering from a sore throat, at least once.
Sources: the Hindu.