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Penicillin to fight rheumatic fever

Topics Covered:

  1. Issues related to health.

Penicillin to fight rheumatic fever

 

What to study?

For Prelims and mains: Role of Penicillin in fighting rheumatic fever.

 

Context: The government is planning on the revival of Penicillin in a bid to fight against drug resistance and to tackle rheumatic heart disease.

 

Penicillin:

  1. Penicillin is one of the oldest antibiotics known to man and is still effective in many cases as not many organisms have developed resistance to it yet.
  2. Discovered in 1928.
  3. Penicillin went out of production in India as a result of unrealistic price control.

 

What is Rheumatic fever?

  1. It is endemic in India.
  2. It remains to be one of the major causes of the cardiovascular disease which accounts for nearly 25 to 45 per cent of acquired heart disease.
  3. Though, not all sore throats become rheumatic fever with severe joint pain or end up in rheumatic heart disease.
  4. Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which the heart is affected by a disease that eventually leaves no option but to replace the heart valves.

 

What next?

The government is planning to procure Penicillin centrally for a minimum of 3 years and give it to all children aged between 5 years to 15 years suffering from a sore throat, at least once.

 

Sources: the Hindu.