Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
6) Extreme weather like long dry spells, accompanied with more intense rainfall concentrated over fewer days, are becoming the norm. In this context critically evaluate how Climate change and poor urban planning are jeopardizing lives of people. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article discusses how extreme rainfall events are on the rise in the country. Long dry spells, accompanied with more intense rainfall concentrated over fewer days, are becoming the norm.
Key demand of the question:
One has to explain the causative factors and the relationship between Climate change and poor urban planning and how it can be addressed.
Critically evaluate – When asked to evaluate, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
In brief discuss the recent extreme weather events in short.
Explain in detail the causative factors of these extreme weather events.
Discuss with suitable case studies – floods, dry spells etc.
Explain that the floods, especially in urban India, are taking place not just due to climate change, but also inadequate urban planning, which has not paid attention to natural water bodies and has forgotten the “art of drainage”.
Expand on the linkages between urban planning and its correlation with extreme events of weather.
Conclude with way forward.