Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
4) The increase in global temperatures and the associated natural disasters will make millions of people climate refugees. Analyse the statement in the light of recently released IPCC report on Ocean and Cryosphere and suggest the way forward.(250 words)
Why this question:
The latest report, on Ocean and Cryosphere, is the last in a series of three that the IPCC had been asked to produce to assess the impacts of climate change on specific themes.
Key demand of the question:
The answer should bring out the highlights of the latest IPCC report and significance of the urgency to curb global warming to mitigate the effects of climate change and disasters occurring due to it.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain how the recent report has given further strength to growing demands for more aggressive climate action from world leaders, especially those representing the big emitters.
Explain that the latest report, on Ocean and Cryosphere, is the last in a series of three that the IPCC had been asked to produce to assess the impacts of climate change on specific themes. The first of these, examining the feasibility of restricting global rise in temperatures to within 1.5°C from pre-industrial times, was submitted in October last year.
Discuss the highlights of the report in detail.
What are the issues and challenges world is facing on climate front? And what should be done to overcome?
Conclude with way forward.