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7) Why is India pushing for membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)? What are the impediments to joining the group for India? Examine.(250 words)

Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

7) Why is India pushing for membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)? What are the impediments to joining the group for India? Examine.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article discusses that China has kept India out of the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group, which controls the export of nuclear materials. The leader of the world’s second most-populous country declined to commit to a reduction in coal usage, which both he and his predecessors have said is essential to ensure electricity to millions of its citizens.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the relevance and importance of joining NSG for India and why it is crucial for India.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what NSG is.

Body:

Explain that the NSG was created in response to India’s 1974 atomic bomb test that challenged the credibility of laws written to prohibit nuclear proliferation. While nations are free to discuss bilateral details with uranium suppliers even if they are out of the NSG, India has struggled to add nuclear generation capacity because of a range of challenges, including developers’ concerns over a liability law and local protests.

Discuss the relevance of NSG and its importance for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

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