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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: women issues

1) Women instinctively fear for their safety every time they step out of their homes in many parts of India, Critically examine whether they enjoy the most basic of rights of free movement, enshrined in the Constitution? What should be the way forward? (250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article covers the story of the plight of women whose lives have drastically changed since becoming victims of snatching.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the factors responsible for such a plight of women in India , the issues associated with their public safety and what needs to be done to ensure their fundament rights of free movement are justifiably given to them.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain in brief the issue of public safety associated with women.

Body:

Discuss first in what way in spite of various claims being made and voices being raised, the situation of women in India remains precarious with respect to public safety.

Explain the notions of “safety” and “freedom” of women in India, what are the associated flaws.

Discuss the role of state, stakeholders involved in assuring women public safety. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward as to what needs to be done to ensure women safety in public.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Establishment of patient care services for genetic disorders is the need of the time. In this context discuss the salient features of ‘UMMID’ initiative recently launched by the government.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Recently Minister of Science, Technology and Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsh Vardhan inaugurated five diagnostic centres under the program Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders (UMMID) to tackle the menace of genetic diseases in newborns.

Key demand of the question:

One has to elaborate on the significance of establishment of patient care services for genetic disorders with a special focus on the recently launched UMMID scheme for 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by suggesting in what way the initiative of the government will help the future generation in treating and preventing these diseases caused by genetic disorders.

Body:

Explain that UMMID aims to create awareness about genetic disorders amongst clinicians and establish molecular diagnostics in hospitals so that the fruits of developments in medical genetics reach the patients in India.

Discuss the significance and need of such an initiative.

Justify that in India congenital malformations and genetic disorders are the third most common cause of mortality in newborns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) West Asia is important to India not just for oil imports, but also for many other factors like that of the presence of Indian Diaspora. Comment.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The question is to ascertain the significance of stability in West Asia owing to India’s interest in the region with special emphasis on Indian diaspora.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain in what way West Asia is important to India not just for oil imports, but also for many other factors like that of the presence of Indian Diaspora.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the current situation of the West in general.

Body:

Briefly elaborate on the recent attacks on Saudi and US sanctions on Iran and other Incidents in west Asia and its impact on India. 

Explain the strategy of India towards west Asia in a broader perspective.  Discuss the interests of India over West Asia- with focus on Indian Diaspora. 

Quote data suggesting statistics of large number of Indian Diaspora present in West Asia and its significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for geo-political stability in the region.


Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4)  Do you agree that it is high time for member states to unite and adopt corrective measures and halt the WTO from losing its relevance? Elucidate with your opinion.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

U.S. President Donald Trump earlier this month attacked the World Trade Organization (WTO) for allowing countries such as India and China to engage in unfair trade practices that affect American economic interests. While addressing a gathering in Pennsylvania, Mr. Trump took issue with the “developing country” status enjoyed by India and China at the WTO.

Key demand of the question:

In such a context it is essential to debate on the fact that it is high time for member states to unite and adopt corrective measures and halt the WTO from losing its relevance.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the relevance of WTO is today’s times.

Body:

Explain in detail how during recent years, the capacity of the World Trade Organization (WTO), as the supreme body of trade rules, has been questioned on several occasions.

There is increasing debate about the WTO losing its relevance to address many of the modern trade issues and resolve disputes among its members. 

Discuss the significant issues that are at fore.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5) Write a note on Participatory Guarantee Scheme. Explain in what way it incentivises farmers to grow organic food along with the advantages and limitations of the scheme.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Recently The head of India’s food safety regulator stated that the Union Agriculture Ministry’s Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS) is expected to incentivise more farmers to grow organic food.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the key features of Participatory Guarantee Scheme. Explain in what way it incentivises farmers to grow organic food along with the advantages and limitations of the scheme.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain why the scheme was put in place.

Body:

Union Agriculture Ministry’s PGS is a process of certifying organic products, which ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards. 

Discuss the salient features of the scheme.

Explain what are the associated benefits to it, especially for farmers to grow organic food.

Discuss the advantages of PGS and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, And Railways etc.

6) Debate on the challenges faced by the renewable energy sector in India while discussing the achievements so far. Also discuss what measures must be taken by the government to upscale India’s renewable energy ambition. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Recently, at the Global Climate Action Summit in New York, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, made several announcements that underscored India’s commitment towards addressing pressing environmental challenges. He talked about his government’s plans to curb plastic use and invited countries to join the Coalition For Disaster Resilient Infrastructure.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the renewable energy scenario of India, challenges faced by the renewable energy sector in India while discussing the achievements made till date along with suggestions as to how should the country proceed on this front.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote statistics on the renewable energy scenario of the country.

Body:

First explain that Increasing the share of non-fossil fuels in the country’s energy mix is the bedrock of India’s commitments under the Paris Climate Pact. The country pledged an installed electricity capacity of 175 GW by 2022 — a more than five-fold capacity increase in seven years. In the last four years, India has more than doubled its RE capacity.

Discuss the challenges associated and achievements made so far.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be our next step.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

7) Discuss the scientific consensus on the causes and consequences of climate change and also while Science, experience and public alarm are increasingly on the side of action, the national politics in most of the countries are moving in opposite direction.  Critically examine.(250 words)

The hindu

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article deals with the happenings around the recently convened global Climate Action Summit. 

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse in detail the scientific consensus on the causes and consequences of climate change and in what way the climate diplomacy needs to be put in place and set in the right orientation.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the context of the question.

Body:

Discuss that the most scientists agree that the climate changes caused by global warming will never be completely predictable, but that they present serious risks—more extreme temperatures (hot and cold), greater storm intensity and frequency, more frequent droughts and floods, and rising sea levels—that warrant immediate efforts to reduce emissions from fossil fuels

Explain then what role does human activity play in the current global warming trend? What are effects of it and how should it be tackled.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting short term and long term solutions for the same.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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