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7) Discuss the scientific consensus on the causes and consequences of climate change and also while Science, experience and public alarm are increasingly on the side of action, the national politics in most of the countries are moving in opposite direction.  Critically examine.(250 words)

Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

7) Discuss the scientific consensus on the causes and consequences of climate change and also while Science, experience and public alarm are increasingly on the side of action, the national politics in most of the countries are moving in opposite direction.  Critically examine.(250 words)

The hindu

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article deals with the happenings around the recently convened global Climate Action Summit. 

Key demand of the question:

One has to analyse in detail the scientific consensus on the causes and consequences of climate change and in what way the climate diplomacy needs to be put in place and set in the right orientation.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the context of the question.

Body:

Discuss that the most scientists agree that the climate changes caused by global warming will never be completely predictable, but that they present serious risks—more extreme temperatures (hot and cold), greater storm intensity and frequency, more frequent droughts and floods, and rising sea levels—that warrant immediate efforts to reduce emissions from fossil fuels

Explain then what role does human activity play in the current global warming trend? What are effects of it and how should it be tackled.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting short term and long term solutions for the same.

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