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1) “Buddhism was more of a social movement under the backing of a religion”. Elucidate.(250 words)

Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) “Buddhism was more of a social movement under the backing of a religion”. Elucidate.(250 words)


Why this question:

The idea behind the question is to evaluate the underlying ideologies of Buddhism. In what way it was more of a social movement rather than being simply called out as a religious movement.

Key demand of the question:

One should explain the significance of Buddhism as a social movement under the pretext of religion.


ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:


Define what you understand by Buddhism.


Explain that Buddhism is a pragmatic teaching which starts from certain fundamental propositions about how we experience the world and how we act in it. It teaches that it is possible to transcend this sorrow-laden world of our experience and is concerned first and last with ways of achieving that transcendence. By “social action” it means that there are many different kinds of action intended to benefit mankind. These range from simple individual acts of charity, teaching and training, organized kinds of service, “Right Livelihood” in and outside the helping professions, and through various kinds of community development as well as to political activity in working for a better society.


Conclude with significance of Buddhism in throwing away the dominant Brahminical culture.