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Recognition of Prior Learning – RPL

Topics Covered:

  1. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.


Recognition of Prior Learning – RPL


What to study?

For Prelims: What is RPL?

For Mains: Need for and significance of RPL, Skill gaps and ways to address them.


Context: Minister, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship distributes certificates to RPL trainees under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.

More than 2 million candidates across the country have received RPL certification under the PMKVY.


About Recognition of Prior Learning – RPL:

RPL is a key element under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).


The objectives of RPL are:

  1. Align the competencies of the unregulated sectors of the country with the National Skills Qualification Framework
  2. Enhance the chances of employment of individuals and provide them with more options for higher education.
  3. Reduce the inequalities that are present due to the privileges given to some types of skills and knowledge over others.


Significance and the need for RPL:

  • A huge section of India’s unorganized workforce are unskilled and semi-skilled. Most of them pick up skills and knowledge in an informal set up by observing people or working under their guidance or through complete self-learning.
  • As a result, even though they manage to get a job and earn a decent wage or salary, they may not be able to improve their skills.
  • This affects their productivity and quality of output.
  • Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) can help them get assessed and certified on their current competencies as per NSQF levels.
  • RPL also shows them a path to bridge their current knowledge and skill levels to reach a competency level or go for higher skills for professional growth.


Sources: pib.