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2) Explain the concept of ‘office of profit’. Discuss the underlying principle for including ‘office of profit’ as criterion for disqualification.(250 words)

Topic: Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2) Explain the concept of ‘office of profit’. Discuss the underlying principle for including ‘office of profit’ as criterion for disqualification.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

In a recent move, The Centre is considering a constitutional amendment to define the term ‘office of profit’ and the exempted categories. The draft amendment proposes to exempt advisors appointed by the Centre or states and those appointed to discharge legislative functions such as leader of opposition, chief whips, etc. from disqualification related to the ‘office of profit’.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must explain the concept of office of profit in detail and how it leads to disqualification in certain specific cases.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what an office of profit is.

Body:

Explain what the issue concerning office of profit, why MPs and MLAs should not hold office of profit.

Discuss what are the changes suggested in the draft bill aiming at the constitutional amendment. – The draft bill proposes to bring in clear definitions with amendments to sub-clause 1(a) of Article 102 which deals with disqualification.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the significance associated with such changes in the definition and ambit of the concept.

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