Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1) India is on the path of becoming the most populous nation of the world. In such a context discuss the consequences of the soon to be acquired distinction.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the backdrop of World Population Prospects 2019 that has been recently released by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the causes and consequences in terms of the implications the booming population numbers of India will have on its future.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief narrate the highlights of the report.
Discuss the following facts in detail –
World’s population is expected to increase by two billion people in the next 30 years, from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7 billion in 2050.
India is projected to become the most populous country by 2027 surpassing China, and host 1.64 billion people by 2050.
At the national level, achieving a reduction in fertility rates in States such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh — which are high as per Sample Registration System data — is a challenge for India as it seeks to stabilize population growth.
Explain what should be the way forward? Discuss both at global level and national level.
Conclude with way forward.