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Basel Ban Amendment

Topics Covered:

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 

Basel Ban Amendment

 

What to study?

For prelims and mains: features, need for and significance of the convention.

 

Context: The 1995 Basel Ban Amendment, a global waste dumping prohibition, has become an international law after Croatia (97th country to ratify) ratified it on September 6, 2019.

 

What next?

It will become a new Article in the Convention and will enter into force in the 97 countries after 90 days — on December 5.

 

About the 1995 Basel Ban Amendment:

Adopted by the parties to the Basel Convention in 1995.

To protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes.

The amendment prohibits all export of hazardous wastes, including electronic wastes and obsolete ships from 29 wealthiest countries of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to non-OECD countries.

 

Basel Convention —  Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal:

  • Opened for signature on 22 March 1989
  • entered into force on 5 May 1992
  • Parties — 187.
  • It is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs).
  • It does not address the movement of radioactive waste.

 

Sources: down to earth.

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