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India Iodine Survey 2018- 19 report

Topics Covered:

Issues related to health.

India Iodine Survey 2018- 19 report


What to study?

For Prelims: Key findings of the report- top performers, bottom performers.

For Mains: Need for and significance of iodised salt, variations across states and what needs to be done?


Context: India Iodine Survey report has been released.

  1. The survey was conducted by Nutrition International in collaboration with the AIIMS and the Indian Coalition for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD).
  2. The survey tested the iodine content in samples of cooking salt from households to estimate the coverage of iodised salt.
  3. Iodised salt is salt with at least 15 parts per million of iodine.


Key findings:

  1. Gujarat produces 71% of salt in the country, followed by Rajasthan at 17% and Tamil Nadu at 11%.
  2. 3% of Indian households consumed adequately iodised salt.
  3. Tamil Nadu (61.9%) has the lowest consumption of iodized salt despite being the third biggest producer of salt in the country.
  4. It is followed by Andhra Pradesh (63.9%), Rajasthan (65.5%), Odisha (65.8%) and Jharkhand (68.8%).
  5. Only 13 out of 36 States have achieved Universal Salt Iodisation or have 90% of households with access to adequately iodised salt.


Regional various:

  1. The northeastern States are doing very well with respect to iodised salt consumption at the household level because of the distance they have from the three salt producing centres — Gujarat, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
  2. By and large most States get their salt from Gujarat and Rajasthan.
  3. Salt-producing States have access to common (or non-iodised) salt and, therefore, they start consuming it since it is readily available.


Need for and significance of Iodised Salt:

  1. Iodine is a vital micro-nutrient for optimal mental and physical development of human beings.
  2. Deficiency of iodine can result in a range of disabilities and disorders such as goitre, hypothyroidism, cretinism, abortion, still births, mental retardation and psychomotor defects.


Sources: the Hindu.