Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.
6) Bring out the issue of desertification in India and discuss the importance of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article talks about the significance of research that could hold the key for global land restoration effort and that there is a need for collaboration among scientists, government and farming communities, as suggested by scientists on the sidelines of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification’s (UNCCD) 14th Conference of Parties (CoP 14) going on from September 2, 2019, until September 13.
Key demand of the question:
One must bring out the issue of desertification in India and discuss the importance of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss the context of the question.
In brief explain what desertification is.
Then explain the role of UNCCD – It is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. It is the only convention stemming from a direct recommendation of the Rio Conference’s Agenda 21.
Explain what is the need of the hour – Responsible land governance is key to provide an enabling environment for ecosystem restoration, biodiversity protection, and land use-based adaptation and for improving the livelihoods of many small-scale farmers etc.
Conclude with way forward.