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4) What is International Criminal Court? Do you think the refusal of major states to come under ICC jurisdiction has weakened the objective of building a future free of violence? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) What is International Criminal Court? Do you think the refusal of major states to come under ICC jurisdiction has weakened the objective of building a future free of violence? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is to evaluate the relevance of International Criminal Court and the problems plaguing it, especially the aspect of States refusing to come under its ambit.

Key demand of the question:

One should discuss the significance of ICC, its objectives and the issues around it.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is ICC and its objectives.

Body:

Discuss about the structure of the ICC and its membership first then move to explain the functioning of ICC and conviction of warlords- for example Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda.

Explain in detail the criticisms on ICC. For example: Targeting of African leaders, withdrawing of membership from ICC and inefficient in convicting perpetrators etc. and about refusal of Major states to come under ICC ambit and its effect on ICC objective. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with the significance of ICC and reforms needed to ensure its effective functioning.

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