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2) Primary health care is the key to the attainment of the goal of “Health for All”, in this context discuss the relevance of Alma Ata principles and elucidate.(250 words)

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Primary health care is the key to the attainment of the goal of “Health for All”, in this context discuss the relevance of Alma Ata principles and elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the essence of primary health centers as key nodes in the health system of the country.

Key demand of the question:

One should discuss the importance of PHCs and the concept of the Alma Ata principles.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain that The Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of “Health for All” around the globe.

Body:

Explain in detail the following aspects – 

First explain the significance of primary health care systems and the underlying principles – Includes the interconnecting principles of equity, access, empowerment, community self-determination and inter-sectorial collaboration. Encompasses an understanding of the social, economic, cultural and political determinants of health etc.

Then highlight the importance of Alma-Ata as the Declaration of Alma-Ata, co-sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO), is a brief document that expresses “the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all the people of the world.”

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

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