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CBI to get Centralised Technology Vertical

Topics Covered:

  1. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

 

CBI to get Centralised Technology Vertical

 

What to study?

For Prelims: About Centralised Technology Vertical.

For Mains: CBI- Establishment, its functioning, issues related to its autonomy and need for consent in investigations.

 

Context: The centre is planning to set up a Centralised Technology Vertical (CTV) under the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

 

What is CTV? What is it’s role?

It facilitates real-time information sharing with investigators across the country.

 

Need for CTV:

India has the second largest users of Internet in the world.

And there is rise in “cyber manipulators” across the country. They are posing risk to the country by circulating fake videos on social media. This needs to be addressed.

 

About CBI:

Operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.

 

It’s evolution:

  1. The Special Police Establishment, was set up in 1941, six years before independence from British rule to probe bribery and corruption in the country during World War II.
  2. In 1946, it was brought under the Home Department and its remit was expanded to investigate corruption in central and state governments under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.
  3. The special police force became the Central Bureau of Investigation after the Home Ministry, which is in charge of domestic security, decided to expand its powers and change its name in 1963.

 

Challenges faced by CBI:

  1. dependent on the home ministry for staffing.
  2. depends on the law ministry for lawyers.
  3. susceptible to the government’s ability to manipulate the senior officers.
  4. CBI needs the consent of the State government in question before it can make its presence in that State.

 

Reforms needed:

  1. Bring in a formal and legal framework.
  2. Strengthen the CBI in terms of legal mandate, infrastructure and resources.
  3. Ensure financial autonomy.
  4. Develop its own dedicated cadre of officers who are not bothered about deputation and abrupt transfers.

 

Sources: the Hindu.

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