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1) To what extent the British policies in colonial India transformed the agrarian structure of the time? Elucidate.(250 words)

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present.

1) To what extent the British policies in colonial India transformed the agrarian structure of the time? Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question intends to discuss the transformations that agriculture underwent in British times.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the factors that led to changes in agriculture system and structure during British times.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write in a few introductory lines that there was a tremendous impact on agrarian system of the country.

Body:

Question is straightforward and one has to detail upon the various agrarian changes that British brought into the country – 

  • Britishers’ introduced a new class of landlords called Zamindars who regarded land as their private property and aimed at obtaining maximum monetary gains out of it. 
  • Commercialization of agriculture became prominent.
  • Better means of communication (equipped with rapid development of railways and shipping) made trade in agricultural products feasible, especially over long distances.
  • There were also efforts made by the British to ‘improve’ Indian agriculture, during the 18th and 19th centuries.etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with balanced opinion that the efforts were both positive and negative and Indian agriculture even today hosts few features as the British rule legacy. 

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