Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
6) Do you think the government must create a GST-type council for agriculture reforms and realize the implementation of agri-marketing reforms and to transfer agri-input subsidies directly to beneficiaries’ accounts through Aadhaar? Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights agrarian reforms taken forward by the late parliamentarian Sri Arun Jaitley and brings out the need for GST –type council for agriculture reforms in the country.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief narrate what are agriculture reforms? Why is there a dire need of them in the country.
Discuss the various agrarian reforms brought in ranging from subsidies to direct cash transfer.
Explain in what way agri-policies impact Indian farmers, agriculture, food security, natural resources, especially water and soil, etc.
Discuss that Indian agricultural policies have an inherent consumer bias, and that input subsidies related to fertilisers, power, irrigation, interest subvention, etc do not promote efficiency in their use. Instead, they are creating several environmental problems like groundwater depletion.
Conclude with way forward.