Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
6) Explain any four generally accepted probity principles that serve to maintain the integrity of the process.(250 words)
Ethics by Lexicon publications
Why this question:
The question aims to discuss the probity principles that serve to maintain the integrity of the process.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail any four principles of probity.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Define what is probity.
Explain that Probity is the evidence of ethical behaviour in a particular process. The term probity means integrity, uprightness and honesty. For Government employees and agencies, maintaining probity involves more than simply avoiding corrupt or dishonest conduct. It involves applying public sector values such as impartiality, accountability and transparency.
Explain principles –
Accountability: It is the obligation to be able to explain or account for the way
duties have been performed. Government should have appropriate
mechanisms in place to show that they are accountable for their practices and
Transparency: It is important that the process is transparent to the maximum
extent possible so that all stakeholders can have confidence in the outcomes.
Transparent, open processes also minimize the opportunity for, and the risk
of, fraud and corruption.
Confidentiality: As a condition of employment, all public servants are under a
general obligation of confidentiality to their employer. All Government
advisors, members and any other third party that is privy to commercially sensitive information must provide a formal undertaking to Government that
they will keep this information confidential.
Management of Conflicts of Interest: A conflict of interest arises where an
individual associated with the process is, through their particular associations
or circumstances, influenced, or perceived to be influenced, to obtain an
unfair advantage for him or herself or another party.
Conclude with significance of probity in general.