Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
4) Discuss the issue of child well- being in India, what are the challenges faced by the children and list down measures to ensure their well- being.(250 words)
Why this question:
Recently the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry topped the charts in the child well-being index, a tool designed to measure and tracks children’s well-being comprehensively.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the issue of child well- being in India and suggest suitable measures that need to be taken.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining that in India recently child well-being index has been released by the non-government organization World Vision India and research institute IFMR LEAD.
Explain what is child well-being.
In terms of health, it has to be ensured that the child is taken care of in the first 1,000 days of life. Stunting is a big issue in India and this is linked to poor sanitation and lack of safe water.
States should look at their respective scores on the dimensions of child well-being, and prepare for priority areas of intervention with specific plans of action.
This should also trigger policy level changes, seek better budgetary allocations and initiate discussions with all stakeholders, which can help in enhancing the quality of life of all children in the country.
Conclude with way forward.