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5) Beyond health costs, air pollution can also hurt the economy in other ways. Elucidate in the backdrop of alarming air pollution issue in the country.(250 words)

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5) Beyond health costs, air pollution can also hurt the economy in other ways. Elucidate in the backdrop of alarming air pollution issue in the country.(250 words)

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Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed coverage of the ongoing air pollution crisis the country is witnessing.

Key demand of the question:

One must elaborate as to how the problem of pollution no more is only about the health but is also about the cost it bears on the economy in multiple other ways.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short define air pollution, explain with facts how it affects in multiple fronts.

Body:

Explain that Beyond health costs, air pollution can also hurt the economy in other ways. In a 2018 study, Jamie Hansen-Lewis of Brown University finds that air pollution hurts productivity in India’s labor-intensive industries. 

It estimates that bringing the country’s air to global standards would lead to a small increase in profits of 0.3% across manufacturing companies with more pronounced effects in labor-intensive firms.

 Similarly, pollution is also hurting agriculture by stifling crop productivity. One 2014 study estimated that air pollutants were responsible for 19% of the loss in yields in wheat production in India in 2010.

Discuss that air pollution is also linked inextricably to climate change. Some of the same particles that clog up the lungs can clog up the atmosphere and contribute to the changing weather patterns.

Suggest solutions to tackle the problems. 

Conclusion:

Conclude that India’s air pollution policy needs to be more systematic and solutions need to be put in place with a multi-pronged approach.

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