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2) The Shield of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 weakens the Independence of National Human Rights Commission’s. Critically examine. (250 words)

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) The Shield of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 weakens the Independence of National Human Rights Commission’s. Critically examine. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The Lok Sabha recently passed an amendment bill that allows a Supreme Court judge besides the Chief Justice of India to be appointed the chairperson of National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) and increases the number of members from two to three.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must justify in what way the new amendments curb the independence of NHRC.

Directive:

CriticallyWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

State the changes brought in by the new bill.

Body:

The bill provides that a person who has been Chief Justice or Judge of a High Court will be the chairperson of a State Human Rights Commission.

It seeks to reduce the term of office of chairperson and members of the NHRC and SHRC to three years from five years or till the age of seventy years, whichever is earlier.

Discuss the different amendments made and the possible consequences of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

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