Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2) India needs to shift towards a Solid waste management plan alongside the existing Swachh Bharat mission and look beyond toilets. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question:
In a nascent effort to look beyond toilets and kick off its ODF+ phase — that is, Open Defecation Free Plus — focussing on solid and liquid waste management, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) has included the prevalence of plastic litter and water-logging in villages as indicators of cleanliness in its 2019 rural survey.
Demand of the question:
The question is about giving importance to solid waste management in the mission of swacch Bharat.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Define solid waste management.
In India, solid waste management needs to be planned and implemented alongside well-maintained drainage and sewerage networks and with the active participation of the communities.
The answer must bring out the progress made by Swachh Bharat and how it has achieved milestones so far and that it is time to shift towards bigger goals of waste management.
Conclude with significance.