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Topic covered:

Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.




What to study?

For prelims and mains: UNIDO- composition, Objectives, functions and significance.


Context: UNIDO and National Institute of Solar Energy to initiate a skill development programme for different levels of beneficiaries in the solar thermal energy sector.

NISE and UNIDO will engage national and international experts to bring the best practices by developing specialized training material.



The agreement is part of the ongoing MNRE-GEF-UNIDO project implemented jointly by UNIDO and to support capacity building and skill development of technical manpower in the Concentrated Solar Thermal Energy Technologies (CST) which are being used to replace conventional fossil fuels e.g. coal, diesel, furnace oil etc. and save costs and emissions in the industrial process heat applications.


About UNIDO:

  1. UNIDO is the specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability.
  2. It is also a member of UNDP.
  3. As of 1 April 2019, 170 States are Members of UNIDO.
  4. Members regularly discuss and decide UNIDO’s guiding principles and policies in the sessions of the Policymaking Organs.
  5. The mission of UNIDO, as described in the Lima Declarationadopted at the fifteenth session of the UNIDO General Conference in 2013, is to promote and accelerate inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in Member States.
  6. UNIDO’s mandate is fully recognized in SDG-9, which calls to “Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation”.


UNIDO’s programmatic focus is structured in four strategic priorities:

  1. Creating shared prosperity.
  2. Advancing economic competitiveness.
  3. Safeguarding the environment.
  4. Strengthening knowledge and institutions.